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Elementary Latin

This program offers beginning and intermediate courses in Latin. It normally takes four terms to complete, and your placement will determine how many courses you will need to fulfill your language requirement. These classes are taught by department faculty members and graduate student instructors who have been trained in the teaching of Latin. We place a high priority on knowing our students well, being available to them, and working with them to ensure their success in Latin. Our courses are learner-oriented in many ways, including a highly-structured introductory textbook, supplementary drills and exercises available on-line, the use of pre-tests to facilitate more effective preparation for tests, and a walk-in tutoring center available to all elementary Latin students.

In addition to introducing the grammar and syntax of the Latin language, our classes encourage students to become more aware of the phenomenon of human language and of themselves as language users and learners. Our goal is to enable students to become proficient and confident readers of Latin, and to introduce them to the language, art, literature, and culture of ancient Rome.




Latin 101 - Elementary Latin I

This is the beginning course of the elementary Latin sequence. It assumes no previous knowledge of Latin, or that you took Latin so long ago and so far away that the student has only the haziest recollection of it. The course covers the first half of the textbook used for Latin 101 and 102, at approximately two lessons each week. Students will cover all cases of nouns, the use of adjectives and adverbs, the Latin infinitive, the present and perfect participles, and present and perfect tense indicative verbs. They will learn to recognize sentence patterns and to handle dependent clauses. In addition, they will begin to develop strategies and techniques for reading Latin which will allow them to handle individual sentences and narrative passages with confidence and ease. Some readings in Roman culture are included in this course. Upon completion of Latin 101, you would elect Latin 102, which covers the remainder of Latin forms and grammar.

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar and the development of basic reading skills.

Required Text

Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading.

Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hour examinations, and a final.

Latin 102 - Elementary Latin II

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Supplementary readings in Roman culture will also be assigned. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced.

Latin 103 - Review Latin (Fall Term only)

This review course is only for students who have had some previous Latin. It begins at the very beginning, but goes more quickly through the textbook, covering the material of Latin 101 and 102 in a single semester. Students will have a chance to work on mastering the forms of nouns, adjectives, pronouns, and verbs, and to get a thorough review of all case uses and the various dependent clauses. They will also work on strengthening your Latin vocabulary and expanding it via study of stems and prefixes. Alongside the grammatical material in this class, they will learn basic principles for reading Latin texts, and strategies which will allow you to handle individual sentences and narrative passages with confidence and ease. Upon completion of Latin 103, one would elect Latin 231, the third semester in the language requirement sequence and the one that covers the reading of Latin prose.

Latin 195 - Intensive Latin I (Fall Term only)


This course is the beginning of the language requirement sequence for students in the Residential College. It is an 8-credit course which covers the material in Latin 101 and 102, and is open to all students, not just those in the Residential College. It is followed in the Winter term by Latin 295. If you are interested in this course, contact Gina Soter.

Latin 231 - Roman Kings and Emperors

This course reviews grammar as it introduces you to the masters of classical Latin prose through passages from Livy's Ab Urbe Condita and Caesar's De Bello Gallico (first centuries B.C. and A.D.). The goal is to acquire efficient reading, translation and study skills, while exploring texts, concepts and historical traditions that shed light on Rome's growth into an Empire. You'll learn a series of things to do when beginning to work on a passage of Latin, how to read through a Latin sentence from left to right without losing comprehension, what secrets Latin word order can disclose, how to select the appropriate meaning for a word from a number of possibilities, and how to handle a sight passage of Latin with confidence and accuracy. Free tutoring and computer support for self-practice are available to help you succeed in the course.

A thorough review of the forms and grammar of Latin are built into the syllabus. A variety of prose texts are used in this course. We continue to build vocabulary in this course, and we also teach more about Roman culture and history. The skills we are building in this course need a great deal of practice, and the class sessions are often devoted to this, so that you will get a lot of experience in working with Latin texts. This course has computer support for self-practice and reference, such as vocabulary and morphology drills, translations for assigned texts, notes on content and grammar, and historical background. Following Latin 231, you are ready for the final course in the language requirement sequence, Latin 232. However, if you had a Vergil course in high school or elsewhere, but little or no experience reading prose, Latin 231 may be the only course you need to take to complete your language requirement, depending on your performance on the placement exam.

Latin 231 Honors - Great Romans in Prose and Poetry (Fall Term only)

This course is an intensive honors section which covers the 231 material in half semester and includes an introduction to Virgil's Aeneid in its second half. The course reviews grammar as it introduces you to the masters of classical Latin prose through extensive passages from authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D such as Livy and Caesar. Efficient reading and translations skills are the goal. In addition, you will acquire knowledge of meter and poetic style through the reading of selections from Virgil's Aeneid.

The readings in the course focus on the most notable figures in Roman history and literature and invite you to contemplate the character traits and circumstances that forge “greatness." After successful completion of this course you can start accumulating credit towards a major/minor in a Classics-related field by enrolling into a 300-level Latin course or higher for the last term of your language requirement. After this course, one more course (232 or 301) IS REQUIRED to fulfill the language requirement.

The purpose of this section is to provide an opportunity to students who want to minor or major in any Classics concentration program to move to higher level courses faster and thus to start accumulating credits needed for the fulfillment of their minor or major requirements earlier in their undergraduate career. Please contact Donka Markus if you have questions about this class or need an override for enrollment.

Latin 232 - Vergil, Aeneid

The subject of this course is Vergil's epic poem the Aeneid. You will have the opportunity to read a major literary work of the western world in the original Latin, and will learn the necessary skills for reading Latin poetry. The entire Aeneid is read in English, and about 1000-1200 lines of it in Latin (about 1 1/2 books). The specific sections of the poem read in Latin will vary from section to section. You will also work on specific sight-reading strategies, improving your vocabulary, and increasing your speed in reading texts. This course also addresses the wide range of topics which come together in the Aeneid: myth, Roman history, Roman religion, poetry, Roman culture, and modern literary interpretation. Should you wish to continue in Latin after Latin 232, you would elect Latin 301. 

Latin 233 - Late Latin

This class is as an alternative to LAT 232 and fulfills the final semester of the language requirement in Latin. Pre-requisite: placement into LAT 232 or successful completion of LATIN 231/ equivalent.

The purpose of the course is to learn how to read Late Latin texts with enjoyment and appreciation. Agustine’s Confessions are at the core of the course, but excerpts from Jerome’ translation of the Bible into Latin (Vulgata) and from Ambrose’ Hymns and Letters are also included. Selections from the 12th and the 14th century Renaissance as well as additional texts of interest to students conclude the course. Grading is based on 3 exams, bi-weekly quizzes and a final project. Class participation is an essential component for success in the course.

Latin 295 - Intensive Latin II

This course meets for two hours per day four days per week and covers in one semester the equivalent of two semesters at the level of a non-intensive second-year collegiate course. Through the reading and study of primary texts from Latin authors, students will develop their understanding of grammatical and syntactical structures of Latin, increase their vocabulary and expand their knowledge of the Roman world. Readings revolve around the intersections of gender politics, insurrection and rhetoric.


Latin 301 - Intermediate Latin I

The goal of this course is to read original texts (Cicero, Livy, Catullus or Ovid) with both speed and depth of comprehension. The course offers grammar review depending on student need and targets advanced grammatical structures and complex word-order. Special attention will be given to translation skills and questions of meter, style, and literary interpretation.This class is only required for students who elected to take Latin 231 Honors and still need another course to finish their language requirement.


Latin 504 - Intensive Latin (Summer Term only)

This course is designed to provide the student having little or no prior Latin with the skills necessary for reading Classical Latin. It covers the material presented in LATIN 101 and 102, using Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. It is primarily intended for graduate students and upperclass undergraduates in fields requiring reading knowledge of Latin. For students seeking to satisfy a language requirement, successful completion of this course will permit entry into LATIN 231. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.