Indonesian independence war, relief sculpture photo courtesy of AP Photo/Masyudi S. Firmansyah

Indonesia declared its independence in 1945 after 350 years of Dutch East India Company control, Dutch state rule, and Japanese occupation during WWII. What followed was an attempted recolonization war. 70 years later, Indonesian victims of war are not commemorated on Dutch Memorial Day, and the Dutch state has not legally recognized Indonesian Independence Day. Indonesia paid the Netherlands large sums of money after independence. The Netherlands, in kind, has not paid restitution for its colonial exploitation of slave labor and goods. Read Toebosch's full article here: